Often, activities that qualify as research and development go unrecognized because of an unfamiliarity with the R&D credit and recent changes that make it more beneficial to small businesses and start-ups. This leads to billions of dollars going unclaimed every single year. Although this credit has been around since 1981, the PATH Act of 2015 now allows small businesses to claim R&D costs against payroll taxes, resulting in a refund check from the IRS.
In 2015, changes to the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act went into effect. This changed the ramifications of the R&D credit starting with the 2016 tax year.
Now, small businesses can figure and claim a credit for their eligible research activities as a payroll tax credit, rather than against their income tax. PATH allows R&D costs to be credited against the employer portion of social security taxes.
George Emerling, Vice President, The Emerling Agency
Lisa Carpenter, Director of Human Resources at Olean Wholesale Grocery Coop
Kevin Casey, Chief Operating Officer at Mead Square Pharmacy